How to improve Motor Planning and Sequencing of Children with Autism.

Difficulties in motor planning and sequencing are part of typical sensorimotor development, so they can appear in individuals without autism but are very commonly observed in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). However, the severity of these issues varies among individuals, necessitating personalized interventions, practice, and training. Since these skills are directly related to a child’s cognitive development and sensory processing functions, careful attention and strategies are essential.

The development in this area occurs very gradually. It is integrated with other sensory processing, so it’s important to engage in comprehensive and cohesive activities that are repeated over the long term rather than attempting to achieve results through short-term, intensive, individualized programs.
The following training and activities can be helpful:

  • Structured physical activities – Physical activities such as yoga, dance, kendo, taekwondo, etc., can help improve body awareness, coordination, and motor planning.
  • Visual and motor integration activities: Activities related to hand-eye coordination and visual-motor integration, such as matching shapes, drawing, puzzles, cooking, etc.
  • Physical play and activities—Plays that require rules and sequencing, like running obstacle courses or treasure hunts.
  • Visual supports – Using visual resources such as flowcharts, videos, etc., for tasks and activities.
  • Matching blocks, play planning, finding clothes or socks and shoes.
  • Music play using beats or commands.
  • Computer or board games – Some internet-based games, like Minecraft, can be beneficial.

In daily life, children should be encouraged to do things related to themselves (such as dressing, brushing teeth, tying shoelaces, packing bags, etc.) independently, and sufficient time should be allocated to allow them to complete these tasks independently.

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